Thus, when political institutions have been made representative and responsible, constitutional efforts have been made to empower people, especially the members of.The Constitution has devoted a part to Fundamental Rights, which are available to the citizens and others living in India.Thus, traffic in human beings and beggar have been made legal offences and those found practicing are to be punished.This right also provides that all shall have equal access to all public places of worship.Then another feature of these rights is that these make a distinction between the citizens and the aliens.It is also said that language used in articles dealing with Fundamental Rights is such that that cannot be understood and followed by ordinary citizens.The court also held that Privy Purse was just like property and thus a Fundamental Right covered under Articles 19 and 31 of the constitution.Here is your essay on Fundamental Duties in India: Rights and duties are correlative.

Constitution makers in India were guided by public sentiments and national demand in this regard and accordingly a chapter on Fundamental Rights was added to the constitution. 3. Essay on Peculiar Features of the Fundamental Rights: In India Fundamental Rights have some peculiar features in India, which are usually not found in the constitution of other countries.Sapru Committee Report on Constitutional Proposals (1945), however, supported the idea of inclusion of Rights in the proposed Indian Constitution.Another important aspect to note is that it contains a non-obstante clause, i.e. the powers under this provision are not affected by any other article within that respective chapter.Similarly in absence of cheap remedies they could not afford to keep these rights as non-justifiable and make these meaningless.It can be used both in normal times as well as in emergencies.In the case of Gopal Das Vs. the Union of India, the Supreme Court held that no petition under Article 32 could lie if any person had been detained by a private individual.All religions shall have a right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes.Since different classes have different needs, therefore, each class will have to be given different treatment.

In case the appeal is dismissed at the first stage, then in the opinion of the court it is not a matter pertinent enough to invoke the special leave provision.Similarly there are certain rights which are denied to a particular sections(s) of society e.g., armed forces personnel do not enjoy political rights.

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To that extent the application of fundamental rights can be suspended by an Act of Parliament.Whereas Article 16 ensures equality of opportunity, Article 18 prohibits the state on conferring any titles.Experience has shown that imposition of restrictions was unavoidable.Then it is also said that the people of India gave this constitution to themselves and while doing so they also reserved Fundamental Rights with themselves.The basis of this action is that a system having its foundation in a written constitution cannot be effective unless there exists an independent and impartial arbiter of constitutional issues necessary to restrain the state organs from taking actions inconsistent with the constitution.

Fundamental Rights in India Fundamental Rights is a charter of rights contained in the Constitution of India.In granting aid to educational institutions the state shall not discriminate against any educational institution for its being a minority managed institution.The Constitution of the USA also incorporated a chapter on Fundamental Rights.

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Even though there exists the possibility that the leave petition might be rejected.It is, therefore, essential that these rights should be above everything else.The Rights are also meaningless because vast illiterate majority is neither aware of these nor knows their significance.

The courts will move only when the petitioner has established to their satisfaction that a provision of any Act knocks down a provision of an Article in Part III of the constitution.

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They also argue that like several other provisions of the constitution an absolute right to amend Fundamental Rights can be misused.

A person whose detention order had been invoked in one case, could be immediately- detained as well, if state government felt it unavoidable.The Union of India, the Supreme Court held, as early as in 1953, that guiding principle of Article 14 was that all persons and things under similar circumstance shall be treated alike both in privileges conferred and liabilities imposed.These are such restrictions which are against private individuals.In India, it was in Nehru Committee Report of 1928, that suggestion was made for the inclusion of religious and cultural rights as basic rights of the citizens.In the view of the Court the Parliament by a constitutional amendment cannot provide that the courts have no right to interfere in certain matters.It is now fully well accepted that Act 13(2) cannot be invoked to prevent a legislature from passing a Bill.

The courts were approached to declare such cases as ultra-vires of the constitution.

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The Supreme Court of India has held that exaction of labour and services against the payment of less than minimum wages, amounts to forced labour and violates Art 23.It was also held by the same court that only a person whose Fundamental Rights had been violated could make a petition under Article 32 of the constitution.On the other hand, there is another equally strong section of society which believes that judiciary is the balancing wheel between the executive and the legislature.Any statute or administrative action that is deemed to be violative of the constitutional scheme is struck down as invalid.The judiciary has a constitutionally awarded mandate to take such an action.All the executive actions or laws passed by our legislatures must be in conformity with our Fundamental Rights.

With the passage of time certain basic principles have emerged with respect to Act 13 of the constitution.You are suppose to suggest the state and not the opposite party. on behalf of the aggrieved persons, therefore the petition itself is unassailable.

Then there are positive rights which confer privileges on the people, e.g., Article 18 desires that the state will not confer any special titles on the citizens.ESSAY ON FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES IN INDIA The constitution of India, in its Part IV-A provides Fundamental Duties.